How to make an Asian Biotope
The Asian biotope is one of the most popular in the world of aquariums due to its great diversity of aquatic vegetation and tropical fish.
This biotope is found in some Asian countries such as Greater China, India, Thailand, Nepal, Vietnam, among others.
It is characterized by being waters with tannins and of little depth, in its waters there are very colorful and active fish that are highly valued in the world of aquarium hobby, you can also get most of the prawns that are known in the hobby and for Lastly, its great diversity of plants that are widely used in planted aquariums for their color and beauty.
It is a tropical environment similar to the Amazon but this, unlike the one mentioned, does not contain many minerals in the water, but it does contain a lot of organic material such as dry leaves, fruit seeds and trees such as the almendrón, the rivers of the regions have something in common, most of them do not They are very wide, reaching up to two meters wide in the dry season, but in the rainy season they reach 7 or more meters wide.
In this season (rain) most fish and river inhabitants reproduce, some lay their eggs die in the dry season and the young are born in the rainy season and so they go from generation to generation.
The pH of the waters of the Asian continent is mostly between 6.0 and 7.5 and Gh between 3 and 5.
The aquariums of this biotope are characterized by having a lot of vegetation, soft to thick substrate and abundant logs or rocks.
This biotope is divided into three more microbiotopes:
There are many more but I will name the most popular and known so far.
Southeast Asian Biotope
It is mostly characterized by rice fields and flooded areas with little movement and dense vegetation, especially mosses. The fish that are found here are mostly labyrinthine and the substrate is earth that, with the running of the water, becomes clean and not cloudy. a lot of water.
The fish here are:
- Siamese fighter (betta splendens)
- Pearly gourami (trichogaster leerii)
- Three-spot gourami (trichogaster trichopterus)
- Kissing gourami (Helostoma temminckii)
- Dwarf gourami (Colisa lalia)
- Rasbora mosquito (boraras brigittae)
- Rasbora galxy (danio margaritus)
- Rasbora maculata (boraras maculatus)
There are also other labyrinths and fish that I have not named because they are not so popular in the aquarium hobby.
they are of very mobile waters of strong currents this is due to the intense rains, it contains many fallen trunks, it has most of the aquatic vegetation of the Asian biotope and the substrate is of a coarse texture due to the small stones and rocks that fall by the waterfalls in the rainy season.
The fish here are:
- Harlequin rasbora (trigonostigma heteromorpha)
- Danio zebra (Danio rerio)
- Clown botia (chromobotia macracanthus)
- sucker loach (beaufortia leveretti)
- Bicolor Labeo (Epalzeorhynchos bicolor)
- Striped khuli (pangio khulii)
- flying fox (crossocheilus siamensis)
- tiger barb (puntius tetrazona)
and there are many more.
It is characterized by having mangroves as its name says, when the tide rises the mangroves remain underwater and are inhabited by brackish water fish, this area has no vegetation, the water parameters are higher, it has abundant sunlight and Substrate is soft or sand.
The fish here are:
- Archer fish (Toxotes jaculatrix)
- puffer fish (tetraodon nigriviridis)
- Mudskipper (Periophthalmus koelreuteri)
In the micro biotopes mentioned above, there are countless more species of fish, just to name a few of importance in the aquarium hobby.
Aquatic plants of the Asian continent
Plants are very important in an Asian biotope aquarium because with them we can know how the water situation is in our fish tank. In this continent there is a wide range of plants that for me are the best in color and shape.
Here are some plants that this impressive biotope contains:
- Riccardia chamedryfolia
- Java moss
- Flame moss
- Weeping moss
- Vallisneria mini
- Vallisneria americana biwaensis
- Asian Vallisneria
- Vallisneria natans
- Rotala sp green
- Rotala vietnam
- Rotala araguaia
- Rotala macandra